Morality and the Superego: The founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freudproposed the existence of a tension between the needs of society and the individual. A proponent of behaviorism, B. Skinner similarly focused on socialization as the primary force behind moral development .
When we look at an education project, we have a simlar list that is a must to be funded and planned out for a successal ICT4D project in education The 5 key principles we stress are: Appropriate, affordable, and assessable ICT hardware 2.
Locally applicable software, OS, and content 3. Design for local energy, Internet, and environmental issues 4. Proper training for staff, teachers, and users 5. Local capacity building for long term support and maintenance There are too many pictures of smiling faces around a computer lab when it opens, but not so many smiles 6 months later.
Perhaps you would consider adding variations of the following to your list: It is important to measure affective outcomes, but it can be a challenge to measure them accurately. One must be cognizant of the Hawthorne Effect in any educational technology initiative.
Clayton April 28, CRW The Howthorne effect is an interesting phenomenon, i had not thought of it, but i will think of how to handle it Boruett April 26, Interesting read. The gap in teacher readiness is one that provides opportunities for improvement. In the health sector in many sub Saharan African countries, the teachers of health professionals are often not prepared for a teaching role.
Rather, the fact that they themselves have qualified in a particular health profession, say nursing for example, is qualification enough to be employed in a nurse training institution.
Even in countries such as Uganda where there is a Health Tutors college, a blind eye is often turned to this requirement because of the shortage of tutors and because there is only 1 health tutor college and hence not enough supply to meet the ever increasing demand. This realisation of the need to have teaching skills to improve on training outcomes has led to the development of initiatives to address the gap.
This, and other such initiatives, provide an opportunity to transfer further skills to tutors in the use of educational technology, and therefore impact its adoption in the health sector.
A move towards partnerships in the development of educational technology could also help with the barrier of cost. Many countries prefer to develop from scratch their own learning content, which often requires a lot of resources — time, money, people. Regional forums could be leveraged to allow for the re-use of learning materials across a number of countries.
After all, anatomy and physiology, for example, does not change from country to country. Thank you for sharing. April 30, Thank you Diana for sharing initiatives in Africa regarding the preparation of teachers. The challenge is also faced in developed countries as people with specific knowledge expertise are able to teach at the post-secondary level without teaching certification.
However, this situation is changing as a greater number of post-secondary institutions are placing increased emphasis on the quality of teaching and learning by adding or strengthening faculty development, teaching and learning, or professional development offices.
Tony Bates, a distinguished international educator http: There are many open sources for learning material and challenges related to using them in some parts of the world, see http: Sometimes the materials must be translated. By forming local consortium as you describe, perhaps fewer people will develop their own learning material from scratch and sharing will increase.
The African Virtual University http: The 31st version of the Educational Technology and Related Education Conferences list should be available in the third week of May.Founded in , REAch2 Academy Trust is the largest primary-only academy trust in the country.
It is a growing charitable organisation currently supporting some 52 primary academies across England. Moral Community is defined as a community where values are understood and used to guide ethical actions of the community (CNA, ). Although the actual issue of limited resources may not be directly addresses at the nursing level within a hospital, setting up a moral community in the department is a good first step.
As we equip our students with powerful educations, our participation in the development of their moral characters helps to ensure that they will participating in a more positive learning environment in their youth and preserve a mature community in their adulthood. Moral Development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood.
Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual's experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods' physical and cognitive development.
Start studying Sociology Final. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. the subjective meaning of human acts and the processes through which people come to develop and communicate shared meanings.
a system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things that unites people in a moral community. Community Practice Exam 2. STUDY. PLAY. A problem that affects the most disadvantaged residents in the community, since there is a moral obligation to do so 4. A particular problem that is of high concern to the community.
Developing countries with limited resources 2. Industrialized countries with much to lose.