By the 16th century, Europeans had introduced horses, cattle and pigs to the continent, as well as new seeds for farming, inventions never before seen by Native Americans, firearms, and unfortunately, diseases. Spain, France, the Netherlands, Russia, and England all formed colonies that would later become part of U.
History of Early american expansion United States Expansion During the early 's, settlers moved westward over the Appalachian Mountains into the new states and territories. Many of these pioneers even settled beyond the country's western boundary.
They flocked into Texas, California, and other western lands belonging to Mexico. Americans also settled in the Oregon Country, a large territory between California and Alaska claimed by both Britain and the United States.
During the mid's, the United States gained control of the Mexican lands and the southern part of the Oregon Country, and the nation extended from coast to coast. The build-up of the West gave rise to changes in American politics. As areas in the West gained large populations, they were admitted to the Union as states.
But wealthy Easterners continued to control governmental and economic policy. Western farmers and pioneers, as well as city labourers and craftworkers, soon banded together politically to promote their interests. They found a strong leader in Andrew Jackson, and helped elect him president in Jackson took steps to reduce the power of wealthy Easterners and aid the "common man.
But inEarly american expansion James Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine, a statement that warned European countries not to interfere with any of the free nations of the Western Hemisphere.
America moves west ByAmerican pioneers had established many frontier settlements as far west as the Mississippi River. The land beyond, called the Great Plains, was dry and treeless, and seemed to be poor farmland.
But explorers, traders, and others who had journeyed farther west told of rich farmland and forests beyond the Rocky Mountains.
In the 's, large numbers of pioneers made the long journey across the Great Plains to the Far West. The pioneers included Easterners from both the North and South. Many other pioneers came from Europe seeking a better life. Some people went west in search of religious freedom.
The best known of these were the Mormons, who settled in Utah in By the mid's, thousands of Americans lived in the Oregon Country and on the western land claimed by Mexico. By then, large numbers of Americans had come to believe in the doctrine of manifest destiny.
That is, they thought the United States should control all of North America. Stirred by this belief, Americans demanded control of Oregon and the Mexican territory. The conflicting claim with Great Britain over Oregon was settled with relative ease. Britain decided that the effort needed to hold all of Oregon was not worthwhile.
Inthe British government turned over to the United States the part of the Oregon territory south of the 49th parallel, except Vancouver Island.
The struggle over the Mexican territory was more complicated. It began in Texas inwhen the American settlers there staged a revolt against Mexican rule.
Inthe settlers proclaimed Texas an independent republic, but also requested U. Nine years later, the United States annexed Texas and made it a state.
The United States gained more Mexican territory as a result of the Mexican Warwhich was fought between the United States and Mexico over a number of disagreements, including territorial disputes.
The treaty that ended the war gave the United States a vast stretch of land from Texas west to the Pacific and north to Oregon. Inin the Gadsden Purchase, America bought from Mexico the strip of land that makes up the southern edge of Arizona and New Mexico.
The United States then owned all the territory of its present states except Alaska purchased from Russia in and Hawaii annexed in Expansion and the Indians. As the pioneers moved westward, they took over much of the land that Indians had occupied for thousands of years.
Fighting often broke out between the pioneers and Indians. The United States government sent soldiers to battle against the Indians and the soldiers won most of these so-called Indian Wars. By the mid's, the government had moved almost all the eastern Indians west of the Mississippi River.
Expansion and the economy. Expansion into the rich interior of the continent enabled the United States to become the world's leading agricultural nation.
New techniques and machines boosted the output of America's farms.Early America Welcome to the land of freedom, Long before the Civil War and the days of the Wild West, early American History began with those first Native Americans who settled upon this land some 15, years ago.
Early American Railroads. Early Railroads This brief history of early railroads, produced by the University of Virginia, offers several images of early "rolling stock" including a horse-pulled wagon and one powered by a sail.
"History of Railroads and Maps" to see the Library's take on Westward Expansion and the rise of the rails. George Washington Peace Medal. The first treaty signed by the new United States government after George Washington became president was the Treaty of New York () with the Creek Indian Nation.
Both in early expansion years and in imperialism years, American had religious motives to expand. In the early expansion years, the pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, and other religious groups were searching for religious freedom.
Westward expansion was greatly aided in the early 19th century by the Louisiana Purchase (), which was followed by the Corps of Discovery Expedition that is generally called the Lewis and Clark Expedition; the War of , which secured existing U.S.
boundaries and defeated native tribes of the Old Northwest, the region of the Ohio and. History of the United States Expansion () During the early 's, settlers moved westward over the Appalachian Mountains into the new states and territories.